The Véniez Drug Rehab Center© for Abuse & Addiction
Club drugs Addiction
ECSTASY, GHB, KETAMINE, ROHYPNOL, POPPERS
Club drugs are drugs that have gained popularity and become ubiquitous in the club scene and at underground raves. With a variety of affects, these drugs stimulate the party and sensual experience of the users, allowing them to dance for all night long and into the morning. Easy to conceal and readily distributed, the user often takes the drug without knowing exactly what they are taking, creating a vast array of harmful and avoidable consequences. Motivated by the desire to party until the sun rises, people in the club scene have chosen the dangers of a wide variety of chemical intoxicants over their own safety.
Club drugs* are a pharmacologically heterogeneous group of psychoactive compounds that tend to be abused by teens and young adults at a nightclub, bar, rave, or trance scene. Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) Date Rape Drug, Rohypnol, and ketamine Angel Dust are some of the drugs in this group; so are MDMA or Ecstasy and methamphetamine.
- GHB (Xyrem) is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant that was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2002 for use in the treatment of narcolepsy (a sleep disorder). This approval came with severe restrictions, including its use only for the treatment of narcolepsy, and the requirement for a patient registry monitored by the FDA. GHB is also a metabolite of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA); thus, it is found naturally in the brain, but at concentrations much lower than doses that are abused. GHB is short for the chemical compound gammahydroxybutyrate. Often used by predators as a date rape drug, GHB comes as a colorless liquid. Measured out in capfuls, the salty-tasting liquid is swallowed. Originally developed as a medicine for use during surgery, GHB is also used as an alternative to anabolic steroids. The intoxicating effects of GHB usually last a few hours, but remain unpredictable and have been known to continue for an entire day. This mysterious duration is particularly true in relation to the negative effects. With sedative properties, GHB produces a feeling of euphoric dizziness. Easy to consume and hard to control, overdoses of GHB can produce coma and even death. These dire consequences are often the result of mixing GHB with alcohol or other drugs, increasing the levels of intoxication and danger. On account of its harmless appearance, GHB often can be taken by accident or slipped into a drink, leading directly to extreme negative consequences. Perhaps the most frightening aspect of GHB is that the long-term effects of the drug are not fully known, but could include the same damage done by anabolic steroids.
- Rohypnol (flunitrazepam) started appearing in the United States in the early 1990s. It is a benzodiazepine (chemically similar to Valium or Xanax), but it is not approved for medical use in this country, and its importation is banned. Rohypnol, often called the date drug or date rape drug, causes "Anterograde Amnesia, an inability in those who have ingested it to remember events that have taken place while under its influence. This effect has been reportedly used to facilitate sexual assault. It is tasteless and colorless and easily dissolved in liquid. It is not approved for use in the United States, but is used elsewhere as a pre-surgery anesthetic and cure for insomnia. Rohypnol belongs to the class of drugs called Benzodiazepines.
- Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic, mostly used in veterinary practice. Like the horse tranquilizer PCP (also known as Angel Dust), ketamine is a disassociative anesthetic with painkilling and psychedelic properties. Used by veterinarians when they operate on dogs and cats, ketamine comes as tablets or as a powder which is snorted up the nose. A prescription-only medicine, ketamine is known in the club scene as Captain K or Special K. When used, ketamine provides an otherworldly experience where you became both puppet and puppet master. Disassociated from the body, the user has the experience of being speeded up while feeling perfectly calm at the same time. Sometimes a user may become physically unable to move, known in drug slang as falling down the K-Hole. As ketamine numbs the body, the user risks having an injury without feeling the resulting pain. If the dose is unexpected, the effects can be quite alarming, creating a bad trip-like experience. Although not physically addictive, ketamine effects amplify as the amount increases. Excessive doses can cause respiratory problems and heart failure while users have convulsed and gone into a coma. Like GHB, ketamine is very dangerous when mixed with other drugs or alcohol, and the resulting effects are difficult to predict. The long-term effects of ketamine remain unknown, although serious mental problems have been seen to occur and worsen through periods of extended using.
- MDMA Ecstasy is an unpredictable energizing pleasure drug that often comes in tablets of different shapes, sizes and colors. Often cut with speed and other divergent chemicals, the effects of ecstasy can be unpredictable. Before it became illegal, it was produced by pharmaceutical companies and the effects were relatively dependable. When it hits about an hour after ingestion, the drug brings waves of pleasure onto the user, releasing inhibitions and discarding emotional limits. Upon crashing from the high, users feel as though their brains had been barbecued, spending the following day wrecked in bed. Upon realizing what was said and done, the user often regrets their actions, surprised that a drug could devastate personal boundaries with such ease. The comedown leaves the user tired and depressed. The true danger lies in damage to the brain as research has shown that MDMA dramatically affects the neural chemistry of monkeys. For a blast of deluded pleasure, the user pays for the experience with a lifetime of brain damage.
- poppers Popular for decades in dance culture, poppers is a term for the group of chemicals known as alkyl nitrites, including amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite and isobutyl nitrite. They come as a clear or straw-colored liquid in a bottle or tube which is breathed in as a vapor through the mouth or nose. Trade names of over-the-counter versions include Ram, Thrust, Rock Hard, TNT and Liquid Gold. As opposed to the other versions, Amyl Nitrite is a prescription-only medicine. When we tried poppers, the head-rush was extreme and intense, but very brief. This rush is caused by blood vessels enlarging and dilating as the userâ€™s face and neck becomes flushed. The effects completely fade 2 to 5 minutes after use, leaving us with a bad headache afterwards. Regular use causes skin problems around the mouth and nose, and if spilled, poppers burn the skin. Poppers are usually fatal if swallowed, and they have been mistaken for other drugs such as GHB in the club scene, leading to catastrophic results. Although not physically addictive, their continued use easily becomes habitual, sometimes resulting in long-term neural and psychological damage. Like all club drugs, the price the user might have to pay for using poppers is not worth the divergent effects produced by the drug. For thousand of years, human beings have partied all night long without the aid of such extreme intoxicants.
Raves and trance events are generally night-long dances, often held in warehouses. Many who attend raves and trances do not use club drugs, but those who do may be attracted to their generally low cost and the intoxicating highs that are said to deepen the rave or trance experience.
- Rohypnol is usually taken orally, although there are reports that it can be ground up and snorted.
- GHB and Rohypnol have both been used to facilitate date rape (also known as “drug rape,” “acquaintance rape,” or “drug-assisted” assault). They can be colorless, tasteless, and odorless, and can be added to beverages and ingested unbeknownst to the victim. When mixed with alcohol, Rohypnol can incapacitate victims and prevent them from resisting sexual assault.
- GHB also has anabolic effects (it stimulates protein synthesis) and has been sought by bodybuilders to aid in fat reduction and muscle building.
- Ketamine is usually snorted or injected intramuscularly.
Club drugs Addiction effects
- GHB date rape drug, acts on at least two sites in the brain: the GABAB receptor and a specific GHB binding site. At high doses, GHB's sedative effects may result in sleep, coma, or death. Rohypnol, like other benzodiazepines, acts at the GABAA receptor. It can produce anterograde amnesia, in which individuals may not remember events they experienced while under the influence of the drug.
- Ketamine also known as Angel Dust, is a dissociative anesthetic, so called because it distorts perceptions of sight and sound and produces feelings of detachment from the environment and self. Ketamine acts on a type of glutamate receptor (NMDA receptor) to produce its effects, similar to those of the drug PCP. Low-dose intoxication results in impaired attention, learning ability, and memory. At higher doses, ketamine can cause dreamlike states and hallucinations; and at higher doses still, ketamine can cause delirium and amnesia.
Addictive Potential of Club drugs
- Repeated use of GHB may lead to withdrawal effects, including insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and sweating. Severe withdrawal reactions have been reported among patients presenting from an overdose of GHB or related compounds, especially if other drugs or alcohol are involved.
- Like other benzodiazepines, chronic use of Rohypnol can produce tolerance and dependence.
- There have been reports of people binging on ketamine, a behavior that is similar to that seen in some cocaine- or amphetamine-dependent individuals. Ketamine users can develop signs of tolerance and cravings for the drug.
Club drugs Addiction effects on health
Uncertainties about the sources, chemicals, and possible contaminants used to manufacture many club drugs make it extremely difficult to determine toxicity and associated medical consequences.
- Coma and seizures can occur following use of GHB. Combined use with other drugs such as alcohol can result in nausea and breathing difficulties. GHB and two of its precursors, gamma butyrolactone (GBL) and butanediol (BD), have been involved in poisonings, overdoses, date rapes, and deaths.
- Rohypnol may be lethal when mixed with alcohol and/or other CNS depressants.
- Ketamine, in high doses, can cause impaired motor function, high blood pressure, and potentially fatal respiratory problems.
The solution for Club drugs Addiction
The first step is to physically detox then resolve why you got yourself into this addiction.
THERE IS A REASON FOR EVERYTHING.
Identify the causes, the sources of his or her addiction and eliminate them in four sessions.
The solution in Psychotherapy, Hypnosis with L'Approche Véniez© is to identify the causes, the source of his or her symptoms to eliminate them. The most precise and fastest way is with L'Approche Véniez©. These different techniques are used; visualization, breathing and relaxation, hypnotism, the subliminal, and post-hypnotic suggestions. There is nothing artificial or supernaturel about hypnosis.
- The first session consists of a series of questions asked to the individual to obtain therapeutic useful information about the patient. This session allows the therapist to understand his patient and explain to him how the therapy will take place. At the end of this first session, the therapist will introduce a brief induction of hypnosis to his patient. (duration of the meeting is usually an hour, sometimes more).
- The second session consists of a light follow-up by the therapist and deepening the patient's hypnotic state. (duration of the session is between 45 minutes to an hour).
- The third session consists of the work, acceptance, the release of shocks, traumatisms or causes of the lack of security experienced by the patient. (duration of the session is usually 1 hour or more).
- The fourth session consists of closing, reconciliation of the adult and the inner child, an experience of self-identity, self-confidence and loveing yourself. (duration of the session is between 45 minutes to an hour).
Once this work is done the results are permenent. The patient is self-sufficient and does not need further treatments. A brief follow-up may be in order.